Faculty & Staff Profile

Rutherford Cardinal Johnson

Senior Lecturer
Business Department
(218) 281-8191

Courses Currently Teaching

ECON 1010-E90: Global Trade Economics

ECON 2101-001: Microeconomics

ECON 2101-E90: Microeconomics

ECON 2101-E91: Microeconomics

ECON 2101-E92: Microeconomics

ECON 2102-E91: Macroeconomics

FIN 3900-E90: Internship

IBUS 3900-E90: Field Exp in International Bus

Research Interests

  • Behavioral Economics, especially the relationship between culture, religion, and/or psychological factors on economic decision making.

  • Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Economic Geography

  • Probabilistic Demand analysis, Choice Waves, and Multipoint Gravitational Models.

Awards, Distinctions, and Honors

  • 2022 ACBSP Teaching Excellence Award for Region 4

  • Fellow of the Pont. Society

  • Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society

  • Kentucky Colonel

  • Omicron Delta Epsilon (Economics Honor Society)

  • The Explorers Club (2006-2016)

  • Gamma Sigma Delta (Agriculture Honor Society)

Selected Publications

  • Johnson, Pp.R. (2022). The Need to Incorporate Comprehensive Protection of Coasts and Oceans. Telicom, 34(1) .

  • "Quick Loans with Fast Funding" Wallet Hub. May 2022.

  • Johnson, Pp.R. (2021). Improving Police-Public Conflict Resolution to Improve Sustainability Decision Strategy. Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies, 9(4).

  • Johnson, Pp.R. (2021). Strategic Behavior and Determining the Direction of United States Climate Policy. Journal of International Business and Cultural Studies, 13.

  • Johnson, R., and Walker, E.G. (2021). Willingness to Pay for Recreational Land Use in Minnesota. International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics, 9(1).

  • Rutherford Card. Johnson. "Baroque, Chocolate, and the Discovery of the New World." Telicom. Vol. 32, No. 1. January 2020.

  • Rutherford Card. Johnson. "Noble Tradition and Blind Spots In U.S. Sustainability Philosophy." Journal of WEI Business & Economics. Vol. 8. 2019.

  • Lundbohm, R. and Johnson, R. (2020). Factors Influencing Perceptions of Student Learning in Hybrid Courses. Proceedings of the Marketing Management Association Fall Educators Conference.

  • "Recent survey provides insight to solving systemic poverty and a lack of affordable housing." Crookston Times. 15 January 2020.

  • "Like Chocolate? Thank the Baroque." The Crookston Times. 9 September 2019.

  • "Best Cash Back Credit Cards." Wallet Hub. 1 February 2019.

  • Rutherford Card. Johnson. "The Psychology of the Overview Effect and Global Economic Ethics."Psychology. Vol. 9. No. 7. July 2018.

  • "Ask the Experts: Important Features of Credit Cards for International Travel" Wallet Hub. 23 July 2018.

  • "Decoding the North Korean Game: a strategic and economic perspective." Qrius (formerly the Indian Economist). Evening Edition, 21 July 2018.

  • "Taxation, Socialism, and Social Justice." Newsletter of the Royal Economic Society. Iss. 182. July 2018.

  • "Viewpoint: Drive to help must come from within." Grand Forks Herald. Saturday, 7 July 2018.

  • Rutherford Johnson and Eddie Walker II. "A Probabilistic Shortage of Private Land Opened to Hunters in Northwest Minnesota." Modern Economy. Vol. 9. No. 1. January 2018.

  • Johnson, Rutherford Card. "An Economic Multipoint Gravitational Model Expression Of A Transactional Analysis Game: An Application To Recreational Private Land Use Decisions." Journal of Applied Business Research.. Vol. 33. No. 4. 2017.

  • Johnson, Rutherford Card. "Choice Waves and Strategic Interaction. " Journal of Technology Research.Vol. 7. March 2017.

  • Johnson, Rutherford Card. " The Inclusion of Geo-Cultural, Historical, and Legal Considerations in the Analysis of Anglican and Roman Ecclesiastical Division." Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion.. Vol. 13. 2017.

  • “A Probabilistic Demand Application in the American Cracker Market.” International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics. July 2016.

  • "Geo-Cultural and Legal Insights into the Ongoing Debates within the Roman and Anglican Communions." West East Journal of Social Sciences. April 2016.

  • "High altitude mountain economics: Measuring the effects of extreme conditions on consumer behavior." Journal of Behavioral Studies in Business. 2015.

  • "Geographical and cultural insights into the Episcopal Church and the crisis in the Anglican Communion." Journal of International Business and Cultural Studies. 2015.

  • "Decline in Church Giving in the United States during the Recession: A Spatial Application of Church Waves." Journal of Behavioral Studies in Business. 2015.

  • "The Choice Wave: An Alternative Description of Consumer Behavior." Research in Business and Economics Journal. 2012.

  • Hawtrey, Kim; and Rutherford Johnson. "On Moral Atrophy and the Global Financial Crisis." Journal of Religion and Business Ethics. 2010.

  • Johnson, Rutherford; Wuyang, Hu, Angelos Pagoulatos, and David Debertin. “Response to General Health Information in the Food Industry: A Panel Case Study in the Domestic Cracker Market” Journal of Food Products Marketing. 2011.

  • Rutherford Johnson. "Can Educators be Motivated by Management by Objective Systems in Academia?" Journal of Academic Ethics. 2011.

Educational Background

  • Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics - University of Kentucky

  • A.L.M. in Sustainability – Harvard University Extension School

  • M.S. in Economics - Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech)

  • B.S. with Honor in Applied Physics - Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech)

  • Graduate Certificate in Social Justice – Harvard University Extension School

  • Graduate Certificate in Corporate Sustinability – Harvard University Extension School

  • Certificate in Corporate Sustainable Strategy – Harvard Business School Online

  • Grad.Cert. in Business Communications - Harvard University Extension School


  • Ceremonial, Etiquette, and Protocol

  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

  • Historical Research Methods

  • Incident Command Systems (FEMA)

  • Navigation, Flood Punt Operations, Administration, Weather, Search and Rescue Specialist, and Communications (US Coast Guard)

  • Strategic Management and Communications

  • Technical Writing and Editing

Other Accomplishments

  • CONFERENCE: Lundbohm, Rachel and Rutherford Card. Johnson. “Student Preference of Learning Modality and Online Activities.” ACBSP National Conference. June 2021.

  • CONFERENCE CHAIR: Conference Chair, West East Institute International Academic Conference. International, Virtual, September 2020.

  • CONFERENCE: Lundbohm, Rachel and Rutherford Card. Johnson. “Assessing Learning in Hybrid Courses in Higher Education.” ACBSP National Conference. June 2020.

  • CONFERENCE: Rutherford Card. Johnson and Eddie Walker II. “Assessing the Willingness to Pay for Recreation in Minnesota.” West East Institute International Academic Conference. Concordia University, Montréal, Canada, October 2019.

  • CONFERENCE CHAIR: West East Institute International Academic Conference. Concordia University, Montréal, Canada, October 2019.

  • CONFERENCE CHAIR: West East Institute International Academic Conference. Harvard Faculty Club, July/August 2019.

  • CONFERENCE CHAIR: West East Institute International Academic Conference. Harvard Faculty Club. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. August 2018.

  • CONFERENCE: Rutherford Card. Johnson and Eddie Walker II. "Parallel Rationality in Market Segmentation vs Transaction: An Example in Recreational Markets and Land Use." West East Institute International Academic Conference. Harvard Faculty Club. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. August 2018.

  • CONFERENCE: Rutherford Card. Johnson and Eddie Walker II. "International Implications of “Relationship Markets” between Hospitality Operations and Private Land Owners considered from the standpoint of Economic Parallel Rationality." AABRI International Conference, San Antonio, USA. March 2018.

  • CONFERENCE: Walker II, E. G., Johnson, R. C., & Jones, M. D. "Differences among Northwest Minnesota residents and non-residents in willingness to pay for regional recreational activities." 2018 National Outdoor Recreation Conference: Building Resilient Communities, Environments, and Economies, Burlington, VT. April 2018.

  • CONFERENCE: Oxana Wieland, Rutherford Card. Johnson, and Abdulaziz Ahmed. "Reflective Learning: The Harvard Global Case Competition as a Student Retention Experience." ACBSP Regional Conference. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. October 2017.

  • CONFERENCE: Rutherford Card. Johnson. "Incorporating a Geocultural Dimension in Classroom Education." 2017 Annual Meeting of the ACBSP. Anaheim, California.

  • CONFERENCE: Rutherford Card. Johnson. "Beyond One-Size-Fits All: Teaching in a Multicultural Classroom." 2017 Teaching Professor Conference. St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

  • CONFERENCE: "Geo-Cultural and Legal Insights into The Ongoing Debates within the Roman and Anglican Communions." WEI International Academic Conference on Education, Humanities, and the Social Sciences. Barcelona, Spain. March 2016.

  • CONFERENCE: "A Spatial Economic Analysis of Potential Contributing Factors to Recent Declines in Church Giving in the United States." Annual Conference of the Southeastern Division of the American Association of Geographers. Athens, Georgia. November 2014.

  • CONFERENCE: "Executive Talk on Advancing Charitable Giving and Service." Executive Conference on Charitable Giving. Raleigh. November 2014.

  • CONFERENCE: "A Theological and Mathematical Model of the Loss of Religious Values Following "Excessive Affluence" and Its Potential Contribution to an Economic Crisis." American Economics Association annual meeting. January 2010.

  • CONFERENCE: "The Loss of Religious Values Following "Excessive Affluence" and Its Potential Contribution to an Economic Crisis." China Taiwan Trans-Sea Economics and Finance Conference. May 2009.

  • CONFERENCE: Rutherford Card. Johnson and Eddie Walker, II. "Canadians Flying South for Recreation? A Survey-Based Attribute Valuation Analysis in Northwest Minnesota." International Conference on Economics, Society, and Management. Toronto, ON. September 2017. (Received conference award for best paper in Economics and Marketing.)

  • CONFERENCE: Johnson, Rutherford. "Poverty and Wealth: Moral Issues in the Global Financial Crisis." WEI International Academic Conference on Business and Economics. Harvard University. Cambridge, Massachusetts. August 2016.

  • CONFERENCE: Johnson, Rutherford. "Choice Waves and Strategic Interaction." AABRI International Conference. Albuquerque, New Mexico. September 2016.

  • CONFERENCE: Johnson, Rutherford. "A Multipoint Gravitational Model Expression of a Subconscious Transactional Analysis Game." 2016 International Academic Conference on Business. Las Vegas, Nevada. October 2016.

University Committee Memberships

  • UMC Business Department ACBSP Accreditation Committee Co-Lead

  • UMC Business Department Curriculum Committee

  • UMC Business Department Quality Committee

  • UMC Student Conduct Committee

Local Community Memberships

  • National Eagle Scout Association



Papa Rutherford Johnson, PhD, ALM, is an accomplished leader, educator, and clergyman with more than a quarter-century of international diplomatic and executive experience. He focuses on empowering others to build transformational collaborations while improving the quality of lives.

As a seasoned chief executive and compassionate Pontifical Orthodox Old Catholic clergyman, Pp. Rutherford is noted for his positive, metric-driven, people-centered approach that leads teams to exceed expectations, and for his unique personal ability to build donor relationships. For example, he regularly builds, mentors, and leads teams that provide invited expert policy advice to the United Nations General Assembly and Economic and Social Council regarding some of the most pressing humanitarian, economic, sustainability, and social issues the world faces today. He also served as an Observer at a G20 Summit.

Throughout his service to others, Pp. Rutherford continues to prioritize authentic diversity, equity, and inclusion, fostering a sense of belonging for everyone. Characteristically versatile, he is experienced in government, diplomatic, and academic settings, turning challenges into opportunities.

Pp. Rutherford’s approach adapts to the circumstances and needs of the organization and others to achieve maximum team effectiveness and optimal benefit to stakeholders. His leadership has brought several organizations to global prominence. As an educator, he works to bring the best out of his students, preparing them for success beyond the classroom.

His diverse training and education includes degrees from Harvard University Extension School, Georgia Institute of Technology, and the University of Kentucky’s College of Agriculture. Having lived and worked around the world, he maintains a global outlook and a human focus.

A popular international speaker, consultant, and author, Pp. Rutherford's academic research interests include environmental and social sustainability, behavioral economics, and the economics of culture and religion. He is a retired high-altitude alpine mountaineer and is a qualified mariner with additional certifications in navigation and maritime search and rescue.

Primary Languages: English and Italian.

Other Languages: Russian, French, Spanish, German, Korean, and Latin.

In the News

April 13, 2017
Five University of Minnesota Crookston students from the Business Department recently participated in the 2017 Harvard Global Case Competition, culminating in a trip to the Harvard University in early April.